Řecká varianta a reforma sněmovního volebního systému
“Greek” variant and the reform of the electoral system for the Chamber of Deputies

Jakub Charvát (charvatinho@email_cz

Abstract:
The aim of this article is to analyse so-called Greek proposal of bill of electoral reform for electoral system to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and to show its weaknesses. The main problem of this proposal is, according to the author of this article, the bonus for the winner of electoral competition. By using the analysis of current electoral system the author tries to prove that the more important in the Czech political reality is the proportionality of electoral results than the bonus for winning political party. In the end, author presents his project to reform the current electoral system. These changes are likely to have minimal effect on the electoral behaviour of voters and political parties. This proposal modifies the number of electoral districts from current fourteen to nine (by means of combination of current small electoral districts), it also modifies the process of preferential voting (four preferential votes for each voter and variable threshold for being elected by means of preferential voting from four to five per cent, depending on electoral district magnitude) and aborts additive legal threshold for electoral coalitions. This project may produce more proportional results than the current electoral system, what should make the political system capable to establish strong governmental majority and relatively strong cabinet as a coalition of one large and two small political parties. Use of the d’Hondt divisor also offers slight bonus for winning party, what has been one of the aims of electoral reform for current Czech cabinet. As an useful proposal, which should be considered, the author also suggests modification of the number of deputies from two hundred to one hundred seventy-five.

Keywords:
Electoral reform, PR, district magnitude, electoral formula, proportionality, political system, bonus seats, mixed-member system

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