Konec jedné éry: finské prezidentské volby 2012*

(The End of an Era: The 2012 Presidential Election in Finland)

Vlastimil Havlík (havlik@fss_muni_cz)


The 2012 presidential election in Finland ended up the era of social democratic presidents in Finland which beginning dates back to 1982 when Mannu Koivistu took over the presidential function from the long-serving legend of Finnish politics Urho Kekkonen. The victory of Sauli Niinistö, who beat his challenger Pekka Haavisto from the Green League by a record margin, confirmed the position of the conservative party as the strongest party player in Finland. The humiliating defeat of the former prime minister Paavo Lipponen showed that the Finnish social democracy might face serious challenges in the future. The article presents a description of the results of the elections with specific attention paid to the electoral campaign, geographic distribution of votes and interpretation of the support of individual candidates. The paper also examines the amendment to the constitution which came into force in March 2012 and introduced a further weakening of the position of the head of the state in the political system of Finland.


Finland, elections, president, Sauli Niinistö, Pekka Haavisto

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*Text byl zpracován v rámci projektu specifického výzkumu Katedry politologie FSS MU „Proměny politického a společenského pluralismu v moderní Evropě II“ (kód MUNI/A/800/2011).